Making of the Armenian Gata and its Cultural Manifestations


A sweet cake made with oil, milk, eggs, dough with or without a crust, and oil on fasting days. Gata is made with layers of dough and has several stages of preparation. In rural communities, great importance is attached to kneading the gata dough and lighting the tonir. Not only the women of the given house, but also the neighboring women participate in them. During the preparation of gata, the circular, flat, smooth surface wooden ornament has an important function. In this way, the signs of the sun and the moon are depicted on the gata. There are various recipes of gata, which differ in the type and shape of dough and choriz: round, square, rectangular, diagonal, large, small and patterned.

Gata is a dish of the festive system, the round shape of which is related to the worship of the sun. On solemn and festive days in Armenia (baptism, wedding, funeral, etc.), they baked and continue to prepare different types of gatas to this day. Lately, Gata has gained wider use in society. It is served not only during folk and family celebrations, but has also become an everyday dish. Performing gata dance during weddings is said to bring good fortune to the family of the couple. They put a grain or a coin in a round gata and believe that in this way they contribute to the well-being and success of the family, and finding the coin brings good luck.

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